Bidding in bridge

Learn bridge bidding for beginners. Opening bids, responses, rebids, overcalls, takeout doubles, and power doubles for duplicate bridge, contract bridge, party bridge. Simplified Yellow Card. Topics how to count points opening bids responses opener's rebids overcalls responding to an overcall takeout doubles responding to a takeout double 3-level competitive bidding bidding quiz.

bidding in bridge

The Bridge Bears bidding system is a simple version of Standard American. It is most akin to what is called Yellow Card. After you learn the Bridge Bears system, you will be able to play with almost any partner, even one who has never visited the Bridge Bears web site.

Keep in mind that the meanings of the bids as I explain them are not the only possible meanings. The "right" meaning for a bid is whatever you and partner agree on.

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If you have no agreements, you cannot bid intelligently. That's why we have bidding "systems. Assuming Partner has also learned the system. Happiness is being on the same wavelength with partner.

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And for beginners, happiness is having that agreed bidding system as simple and easy to remember as possible. Let's get started. Go to the first topic: How to Count Points. All rights reserved. No part of this website may be copied, displayed on another website, or distributed in any way without the express permission of the author.Making the opening bid in a hand of bridge can be nerve-wracking for novices.

After the cards are dealt, you pick them up, sort them, and evaluate the strength of your hand. You may get a chance to make the first bid, called the opening bid. But first, you need to decide if your hand is worth an opening bid.

Your distribution the way your cards are divided : Normally, you open the bidding in your longest suit, which typically has four or more cards. You can open the bidding with either of these hands; both hands contain at least 12 HCP, and each has a suit with four or more cards.

The player who makes the opening bid eventually tries to show both strength and distribution to her partner. In general, you need at least 12 HCP to make an opening bid. But not all bridge concepts are cut and dried. As a case in point, the strength requirements for an opening bid can sometimes be shaded a little. For example, if you have a six-card suit or two five-card suits, you can open the bidding with as few as 11 HCP.

The dealer has the first chance to make a bid. If she has sufficient strength, she opens the bidding. The first few bids in most bidding sequences are exploratory, like two fighters feeling each other out in the early rounds. Usually on the second bid, called the rebidone of the players comes clean and shows his strength within a few points. Good news. Then his partner can add the total HCP between the two hands to get a feel of how high to bid. While all this telling and adding is going on, the partnership is trying to locate a suit that both players like one in which they have at least eight cards between the two hands, also known as an eight-card fit :.

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If they find an eight-card fit, they try to make that suit the trump suit. Because hearts and spades the major suits are the most rewarding suits to play in, the partnership initially tries to find an eight-card or longer major suit fit.

Much of the bidding depends on whether an eight-card or longer major suit fit exists. The opening bid is just the beginning of your picture. After you make your rebid and, perhaps, a third bid, the picture of your hand starts to come into focus. Even the greatest of paintings begins with a single stroke of the brush. How to Make an Opening Bid in Bridge.Bridge is played with four people sitting at a card table using a standard deck of 52 cards no jokers.

Bidding is the language of bridge. The suits are assigned value with notrump the highest and clubs the lowest. A one heart bid means the pair intends to take six tricks plus one, or seven tricks total, with hearts as trump.

A pair fulfills its contract by winning tricks equal to or more than the number bid. When a pair does not make its contract — does not take the tricks required by the level of the bid — there is a penalty. The three most popular forms of contract bridge are rubber, duplicate and Chicago. Rubber bridge, the original and still most popular form of contract bridge, is played for points. In duplicate bridge, the same hands are played more than once, thereby eliminating much of the luck of the deal.

Chicago, limited to four deals, is a faster rubber bridge game popular in clubs and homes. Draw cards to select the person to deal the cards the dealer. This person distributes the cards face down, in clockwise rotation one at a time, until each player at the table has a hand consisting of 13 cards.

After the play of each deal is completed, the opportunity to deal moves around the table clockwise so that each person has a turn to deal out the cards.

The dealer has the first chance to bid. Bids must be made according to the hierarchy of suits: clubs, diamonds, hearts, spades and finally notrump.

After the dealer makes a decision, each player in turn has an opportunity to either bid or pass. At the end of the bidding, each partnership will have decided on the suit it wants to name as trumps and if it has enough strength high cards to bid for the privilege of naming trumps.

bidding in bridge

Or one partnership will have passed, letting the opponents pick the trump suit in return for committing to winning a certain number of tricks.

With 15 to 17 high-card points and a balanced hand one where all suits are represented with at least two or more cardsopen 1NT notrump. The partners on a bridge team have certain roles to play. The opening bidder describes his hand to his partner. The partner becomes the captain and assumes the role of deciding on the best denomination and the best level for the final contract. The partner of the opening bidder knows more about the combined strength of the two hands after hearing the opening bid and looking at his own hand.

The bidding will lead to a variety of final contracts a number and a suit or notrump.

Bidding system

They are not equal in value since you score more for bidding and making certain contracts. They can be slams, game contracts, or part-game or partscore contracts.

They can be major suit spades or hearts contracts or minor suit diamonds or clubs contracts.That is not the issue here. There are many hands with which you would pass in any other position, but should open in 3rd seat. For example, after 2 passes, you should open 1 with:. Because it makes it harder on the opponents!

It is much more difficult to find the right contract when you are starting out against a 1 opening as opposed to having a free run.

bidding in bridge

Maybe when you open 1your LHO has, say:. Perhaps he is vulnerable and fears a 2 overcall. Meanwhile, his partner has:. It might be tough for the opponents to enter the bidding--yet they have an easy 3 contract their way.

On many occasions, your light 3rd-seat opener will cause your opponents to miss a laydown game.

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Simply put, bidding is much harder when the opponents have struck the first blow. Lastly, it is "safe" to open light in 3rd seat. Your partner is a passed hand. He can't shouldn't bury you. He won't have enough to get your side too high.

The advent of Drury a popular convention is also a big aid in putting on the brakes after a light 3rd-seat opener. Not 5 points unless you are preempting.

Probably, you should have at least 8 or 9 HCP for a light opening.

bidding in bridge

This will make it much harder on your opponents. You will get a spade lead good if partner ends up on lead. Partner a passed hand won't get you too high. You have spread out defensive values and a poor suit which you don't want partner to lead. Yes, we assume 5-card majors. But, in 3rd seat, try this space-consuming, lead-directing action. Partner isn't going to get you too high and meantime you really mess with the opponents' auction. This makes things much tougher on your opponents than a pass.

So what if you end up or ? Likely it is their hand. Go for it! Yes--with only 5 hearts. Partner can't do too much damage and you are white on red.

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Make it tough on the bad guys. As Marty Bergen says, "Third seat favorable is not bridge. Get in their way, get a heart lead and take advantage of the favorable vulnerability.There are 40 total points in the deck.

Contract requirements -- What you and your partner need in your two hands to make these contracts:. Suit partscore bid of 1, 2 or 3 in any suit -- points and at least an 8-card trump fit.

Notrump partscore bid of 1NT or 2NT -- points and preferably no 8-card major-suit fit. Game and slam contracts pay a scoring bonus.

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These contract guidelines apply when you have relatively balanced hands. The meanings of your opening bids are:. Choose your longer minor. If you have two 3-card minors, open 1C to keep the bidding low. This opening bid is called a convenient minor -- it tells partner you have opening point-count, but your hand doesn't meet the requirements for an opening bid of 1H, 1S or 1NT.

A modern, more popular alternative is to agree to play weak two-bids. If you have two 5-card suits, open the higher-ranking suit, then rebid the lower-ranking suit if you have 5 clubs and 5 diamonds, open 1D and bid clubs at your next turn.

This allows partner to choose between your two suits without raising the level of the bidding. To show a stronger hand with a long suit, you can jump-rebid your suit -- 1C-1H- 3C. Single raise of partner's suit 1C-1H- 2H -- 4 cards in the suit partner responded and a minimum opener pts.

To show a stronger hand with a fit for partner, you can jump-raise his suit -- 1C-1H- 3H or 4H. To show a stronger balanced hand, you can open 1NT with or points. To show a very strong balanced hand 19 pointsopen a suit bid and then jump in notrump -- 1C-1H- 2NT.

Rules for Responder after your partner opens the bidding :. Respond to partner's opening bid if you have 6 points or more. If partner opens 1H or 1S and you have 3-card support -- Always raise to confirm the 8-card trump fit. If you have two 4-card majors, respond the cheaper major to keep the bidding low. If you have fewer than 10 points, DON'T go to the 2-level unless you're raising partner's suit to confirm a trump fit or rebidding your own extra-long suit.

With some unbalanced hands, you'll have to respond 1NT to keep the bidding low. To show a stronger hand with support, make a jump-raise -- 1D- 3D.

This is called a jump-shift. As Opener OR Responder, you are showing your point-count range any time you:. The level you choose for these bids shows whether you have a minimum, invitational or forcing point-count range.This convention was devised by bridge players in the past decades to allow the responder, whose partner has opened the auction with an Artificial Strong 2 bid, to inform his partner step by step the possession of the number of Aces and Kings.

The bidding does not inform his partner where the Aces and Kings are located, only that he does have them. The opener can also estimate more exactly the strength of the hand of the responder. Variations of this method have been devised within the bridge community and we have included the most popular variations. The foundation of the convention is to count each Ace as 2 Controls and each King as 1 Control.

The following graph should clarify the step by step bidding process. The first response is the most decisive one, because after the first response, the responder must make a sufficient bid over the bid of his partner.

Once mastered, both partners will be able to estimate the strength and the location of the Controls, which is ultimately the goal before establishing the contract.

As you noticed, the bid of 2NT, indicating Three Controls, could possibly make the responder the declarer. If this is the case, then it is preferably better that the weaker hand plays. It is not always true that the weaker hand should become the dummy. With Three Kings concealed, the opponent leading the first card will be leading up to a King, which is much better than coming through the King. The Step Responses To 2 Openings was developed within the bridge community and has many followers.

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If you and your partner decide to use this convention, please include it in your written Partnership Agreement. Some partnerships, however, have developed a variation to the Step Responses. These partnerships concluded that it could help the 2 bidder, if he could more precisely estimate how weak the responder actually is. Does the responder have a very weak hand, a moderately weak hand, or even a good weak hand. How can the responder show more than just Controls and keep the bidding low?

How to Make an Opening Bid in Bridge

The graph below should clarify this variation. The application of the first response of 2NT is debatable and, through its inclusion, arguably justified. This variation to the Step Responses To 2 Openings enjoys some popularity.

If you and your partner decide to use this variation, then please include it in your Partnership Agreement. Another variation of the Step Responses, which has become popular with many bridge partnerships, is shown below. The level of high card points is the main feature and the Step Responses are narrowed in order that the opener can better estimate the power of the hand held by the partner.

They were first introduced by Mr. Oswald Jacoby in the early stages of the evolution of the game of bridge and have enjoyed great success in the bridge community. The non-application of the first response of 2NT is debatable and, through its non-inclusion, arguably justified.

If you wish to include this feature, or any other feature, of the game of bridge in your partnership agreement, then please make certain that the concept is understood by both partners.

Be aware whether or not the feature is alertable or not and whether an announcement should or must be made. Please include the particular feature on your convention card in order that your opponents are also aware of this feature during the bidding process, since this information must be made known to them according to the Laws of Duplicate Contract Bridge.

It is our intention only to present the information as concisely and as accurately as possible. Step Responses to 2 This convention was devised by bridge players in the past decades to allow the responder, whose partner has opened the auction with an Artificial Strong 2 bid, to inform his partner step by step the possession of the number of Aces and Kings.Home Login Join Help. Hello Guest. Sign Up Learn Bridge Online in the comfort of your home, at your convenience, at your own pace, for your enjoyment.

Bridge: LESSON 4: Responding to suit bids

Learn and practice Bridge online, suitable for all levels. Rich Video Library Over impressive, illustrated visual bridge lessons are waiting for you, guided by an international bridge master Moti Gelbard - one of the best worldwide leading bridge teachers and author of many bridge books. Practicing Bidding Practice hundreds of bidding exercises, in a variety of bidding topics, accompanied by clear and simple written explanations.

It's the easiest way to learn and practice simultaneously. Practicing Hand Play and Defense Practice your hand play and defense, either by using the guided option or by playing freely against our smart robot. Learn different techniques, while combining tactics and improving your game strategy. Sign Up. Learn Bridge Online in the comfort of your home, at your convenience, at your own pace, for your enjoyment.

Over impressive, illustrated visual bridge lessons are waiting for you, guided by an international bridge master Moti Gelbard - one of the best worldwide leading bridge teachers and author of many bridge books.

Practice hundreds of bidding exercises, in a variety of bidding topics, accompanied by clear and simple written explanations. Practice your hand play and defense, either by using the guided option or by playing freely against our smart robot. Contact Us.